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Relation to English
Parts of SpeechI should warn you right up front that some of these parts of speech have made-up names. There are clear patterns in the language that deserve to be called parts of speech, but the book I learned Latin from, which didn't hesitate to give the correct names for things, didn't give names for these. What else could I do but make up names of my own?
Actually, I'm sure there are correct names for all these parts of speech; it's just that I haven't yet found out what they are.
I should also point out that these essays are not intended to be definitive references for Latin grammar—in languages there are always subtleties and exceptions, and I'm glossing over nearly all such. As a trivial example, the present participle, which I claim is constructed using the suffix “-ens”, is actually constructed using “-ans” for verbs of the first conjugation.
Finally, let me say that the emphasis here is not on Latin grammar per se, but rather on how the different parts of speech in Latin are visible in the many English words that are derived from Latin.
Subjective Adjective (-ax)
@ March (2000)